How Coffee Roasting Changed the World

We all know coffee as a delicious morning beverage that gives us the energy we need to start our day. But where did coffee come from? How did it become such a staple in so many cultures around the world? The answer lies in the history of coffee roasting.

Coffee roasting is an ancient practice that began in Ethiopia over 1,000 years ago. Legend has it that a goat herder named Kaldi discovered coffee after he noticed that his goats became more energetic after eating coffee beans. Intrigued, Kaldi tried the beans himself and found that they had the same effect on him. He shared his discovery with the local monks, who began brewing coffee as a way to stay awake during their long hours of prayer.

From Ethiopia, coffee spread to Egypt and then to Arabia. It was in Arabia that coffee roasting first began. The Arabs roasted the beans over open fires, crushing them into a powder and then boiling them in water to make a drink they called "qahwa." This bitter drink quickly became popular throughout the Arab world.

In the early 1600s, coffee made its way to Europe, where it was met with skepticism at first. However, it didn't take long for Europeans to develop a taste for this new beverage. By the mid-1600s, coffeehouses were popping up all over Europe and becoming popular gathering places for artists, writers, and intellectuals.

It was during this time that coffee roasting began to evolve. European coffee roasters experimented with different ways of roasting the beans, trying to achieve different flavors. They also began adding flavorings like chocolate and spices to make the drink more palatable.

As coffee continued to gain popularity around the world, different regions developed their own unique styles of roasting. In Italy, for example, espresso is made by roasting the beans until they are very dark brown and then grinding them into a fine powder. This results in a strong, flavorful cup of coffee with less bitterness than other types of roast.

In America, meanwhile, light roast coffees are more popular. These coffees are roasted for a shorter amount of time than dark roast coffees, resulting in a lighter color bean with more caffeine.

Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world today. Millions of people start their day with a cup of joe - but how did this global obsession with coffee begin? The answer lies in the history of coffee roasting. Over 1,000 years ago, coffee was discovered in Ethiopia and then spread to Arabia, Europe, and beyond. Along the way, different cultures developed their own unique styles of roasting - giving us the delicious variety of coffees we enjoy today!

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